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2017年3月26日 英文中的明喻与暗喻

周末外教课上,球同学学了英文中的明喻 simile和暗喻 metaphor。以下内容是小伙子与球妈的分享。每每听他“显摆”,球妈就会很开心,因为那说明他真的懂了。

Simile 明喻  

明喻是将具有共性的不同事物作对比。这种共性存在于人们的心里,而不是事物的自然属性。标志词常用 like, as, seem, as if, as though, similar to, such as等。

例如:  

I wandered lonely as a cloud.  

Metaphor 隐喻、暗喻  

隐喻是简缩了的明喻,是将某一事物的名称用于另一事物,通过比较形成。

例如:  

Hope is a good breakfast, but it is a bad supper.  

球妈老师在buzzle上找到了一些更详细的资料,可进一步帮助球同学消化simile与metaphor。

What are similes and metaphors? Is there a difference between the two figures of speech? The answer is, "Yes, there is a noticeable contrast between similes and metaphors." To understand in plain and simple terms, a simile is any word or phrase used to describe some thing or someone as similar to another. These similarities are often not related to one another. As for the other figure of speech, a metaphor is any word or phrase which states that one thing or person is another.

These similarities are often not related to one another. With this little contradiction in their definitions, let's take a look at some of their examples. This way, you can get a better idea about what similes and metaphors are. But before that, always remember these main points about similes and metaphors:

Similes constantly make comparisons using the words "like" and "as".

Metaphors constantly make symbolic and direct comparisons between two objects.
Both similes and metaphors can be used in English language, literature, poetry, and music.

Similes in Poetry

Life's Pearl of Wisdom
Here and there in oysters fall,
A single grain of sand.
Producing later a lustrous ball,
In a fisher man's hand... ~ Michael P. Johnson

Moon Poetess
Hands flicker, the smokes hurries
And insignia like ice blows in appearance
So seated and commanding twisting joints.
Powers, so she use and sleep... ~ Ebi Robert

Role Model
A role model is someone
Whom you always want to be.
Someone who gives you hope
When you are down... ~ Kholekile Monakali

Similes in Literature

My love is like a red, red rose, that is newly sprung in June. ~ Robert Burns

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate. ~ Shakespeare

Helen, thy beauty is to me
Like those Nicean barks of yore... ~ Poe

Like a skein of loose silk blown against a wall
She walks by the railing of a path in Kensington Gardens... ~ Ezra Pound

The Mind like to a Shop of Toies I fill,
With fine Conceits, all sorts of Humours sell.
I can the work of Nature imitate;
And change my self into each several shape.
I conquer all, am Master of the field,
I make fare Beauty in Loves Wars to yield. ~ Cavendish

As virtuous men pass mildly away,
and whisper to their souls to go,
whilst some of their sad friends do say,
"Now his breath goes," and some say, "No". ~ Donne

My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips' red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. ~ Shakespeare

Similes for Kids

Metaphors for Kids

Bruce is the lion king of his class.
Stacey is a dog when she eats.
Fire is day; when it goes out, it is night.
Her soft voice was music to his ears.
Jason is the Tiger Woods of his golf team.
His belt was a snake curling around his waist.
Chris's reply was burning hot and crispy.
Shaun was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net.
The algebra question x+16=30 is a sharp object jiggling around in my brain.
Ashton tried to help but his legs were rubber.
He was a stainless steel ruler; tall, straight, and always measured in response.
How could Ashley marry a snake like that!
We would have had more pizza to eat if Tina hadn't been such a hog.
Ashley's hair was a fierce lion's mane; never washed and sticking out in wild directions.
Rory's eyes were darting searchlights, scanning the room for her rival.
Every time I have lunch with my friends, I feel that Jason's a real pig.
Bill's teeth were hardened blue cheese nuggets, speckled with green and black.
Cindy was such a mule. We couldn't get her to change her mind.
The poor rat didn't have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey.
Taylor was a walking color wheel; always wearing just about every shade possible, all at once.
Even a child could carry my dog, Dogface, around for hours. He's such a feather.
Her elderly fingers were thin gnarled branches, twisting oddly from the stem of her palms.
Julia's purse was a soft-sided trash bin; filled to the top with bits of used tissues, crumpled papers, and a half-eaten apple.
These examples can come in handy when you want to explain yourself in a unique way. Once you know how and when to use similes and metaphors, you'll be able to express yourself in style, without putting a lot of effort.
Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/similes-and-metaphors-examples.html

参考资料:Buzzle

记录人:球球妈妈

本文标签: 英文 修辞 明喻 暗喻12岁5个月18天

    发布于2017年03月28日 08:58 | 评论数(1) 阅读数(767)

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育儿网网友 101.229.155.*** 发表于2017-04-07 09:46:31

学习了。

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